Shirley Scott (March 14, 1934 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ? March 10, 2002) was a hard bop and soul-jazz organist.
She had been an admirer of Jimmy Smith and over time would play piano and trumpet before moving to the Hammond organ. The organ would be her main instrument, but on occasion she still played piano. In the 1950s she became known for her work with saxophone player Eddie Davis, particularly the song "In the Kitchen". She was married to Stanley Turrentine during the 1960s and their musical collaboration was musically fruitful. In the 1980s she became a jazz educator.